Opening April 1 in the Sacred Circle Gallery at Daybreak Star Indian Cultural Center, is a collection of work by local Makah artist, Frank Peterson. Frank says his work is meant to find a balance in the abstract, adding the spiritual aspects of his heritage with life experiences. Growing up, he spent quality time in Neah Bay on the Makah reservation learning from his elders. He cherishes his time spent there as it affirms the connections it provides to his ancestors.
Four precious lives were taken and added to the long list of senseless killings in our society.
We stand united with the Black Lives Matters movement in the same way allies stood with our Native American activists who fought for and established a land base here at Daybreak Star Indian Cultural Center. Initial planning for that campaign happened at the Filipino Community Hall in South Seattle. Black Panthers showed their support by facing military police in solidarity with us. Volunteers from many marginalized communities tended to our wounded, tired, and hungry activists at Resurrection City so that they could return to the protest. We seek to do the same.
Our founder, Bernie Whitebear, was part of the Gang of Four. He joined forces with Larry Gossett, Bob Santos, and Roberto Maestas to challenge and change the Seattle establishment. From the late ‘60s through 1980, these leaders and communities demanded equity and social justice for People of Color, both men and women. They didn’t let the system pit them against each other. Instead, they came together as a powerful multi-racial group.
Black and Indigenous communities are deeply connected through our experiences with colonialism, violence, oppression, systemic racism, and White supremacy. We join Black Lives Matters to echo and amplify their voices. We both come from proud histories of mobilization and protest. The sacrifices of our Elders and our ancestors ensured our existence today. They believed that there is no justice and no peace until we are all free. So do we.
Black lives matter.
United Indians of All Tribes Foundation
Dear friends and relatives,
We hope this letter finds you healthy and well. Due to the emergence of the novel Coronavirus and concern for our staff and community, United Indians of All Tribes Foundation leadership has decided that the best course of action is to close our Daybreak Star and Columbia City sites to the public until it is deemed safe to reopen. This closure will be effective Monday, March 15, 2020. Developing updates will be forthcoming.
Many of our services cannot close. We have individuals counting on us daily, and we plan to meet their needs to the best of our ability. Our most essential services, such as the Labateyah Youth Home, Foster Care, and Homelessness Prevention programs will remain operational, though some practices may shift. All other non-essential services will occur in alternative forms until we can safely resume traditional procedures and high levels of contact with the public.
Our primary concerns are keeping our community healthy, and reducing risk factors. UIATF has been taking constant care to stay on top of this situation by hiring additional staff to help sanitize workplaces, encouraging staff to work from home, and addressing the needs of staff and the community as they arise.
This Public Health emergency has shaped our year. We have chosen to cancel or postpone many of our events in order to prioritize the health and safety of our community. These events are essential to our continued financial stability, and we hope we can count on your support and attendance at future events once the situation calms. We know that many people are feeling the effects of this virus in their daily lives, and encourage all of you to do what you can to aid your friends and neighbors. We must continue to show up to support each other, as many people, businesses and organizations will feel the ramifications of these realities for months to come.
Thank you for your understanding, support, and care for the community. We will be fully operational as soon as possible.
Mike Tulee, Executive Director
At the time of the 1970 Takeover, Bernie Whitebear, United Indians’ founder, conceived of an expansive vision for the future of Seattle’s Fort Lawton: reclaiming Native land to build a cultural center, an art gallery, and affordable housing for our community.
While Bernie oversaw the execution of much of that vision during his lifetime, the dream of affordable housing remained deferred for decades. Meanwhile, due to systemic inequalities facing American Indian and Alaska Native individuals in King County, AI/AN are seven times more likely to be homeless than other races. And Native children in Seattle live in poverty at nearly three times that of the community at large.
Excitingly, last week the Seattle City Council voted to begin the redevelopment of Fort Lawton into affordable housing units as the culmination of a 15-year dialogue with United Indians, Catholic Housing Services, Habitat for Humanity, and other community partners.
Mayor Durkan and community members convened at Fort Lawton to commemorate this momentous occasion. Mayor Durkan said, “As I was driving over here I could not help but think about my friend Bernie Whitebear. What we’re doing today, it feels like it’s 15 years, but we’re standing on the shoulders of people who had the vision long before us.”
United Indians’ Executive Director Michael Tulee spoke as well, highlighting the growing problem of housing affordability in Seattle. “Year by year,” Dr. Tulee said, “our middle-income people are being pushed out further. In the last decade, home prices have increased by 60%. Fortunately, Mayor Durkan and the City of Seattle have seen this as something they needed to take on.”
The new Fort Lawton Redevelopmentwill feature more than 238 mixed-income affordable housing units, including 85 supportive housing units for older adults who have experienced homelessness (including veterans), and 150 townhouses for families earning up to 60-80% of the median income. Along with housing, the Fort Lawton plan calls for increased parks and recreation space; and supportive services for veterans, people experiencing homelessness, and Elders. The Fort Lawton redevelopment will be an incredible opportunity for not only the Native community but for all of Seattle to address the city’s housing access and affordability challenges.
In 1970, Bernie Whitebear and other Native activists “reclaimed the land known as Fort Lawton in the name of all American Indians by right of discovery.” Since then, United Indians of All Tribes Foundation has been dedicated to providing social, cultural, and educational services that reconnect Indigenous people to their heritage. In collaboration with the City of Seattle, Catholic Housing Services, Habitat for Humanity, and other partners, we look forward to expanding the scope of our culturally responsive services and retaining a presence for the urban Native community on this Indigenous land.
Have you had a chance to learn about our Powwow Princess, Simsimtko? She has spent the last twelve months traveling around the country visiting as many Powwows as she could!
Interested in being the next Powwow Princess? Application details can be found here.
Hello, my name is Simsimtko (Shimmering Water) Sallee Whitewing. I greet you with a warm heart and a friendly handshake. I come to you from the Nlaka’pamux people of Spences Bridge, BC, and I currently live in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. My tribes include Nlaka’pamux, Rosebud Lakota, Santa Domingo Pueblo, Laguna Pueblo, and Winnebago Hochunk.
I have been dancing ever since I could walk and I dance all 3 categories, Fancy, Jingle, and Traditional. I am 16 years old and I attend Carson Graham Secondary as a grade 11 student. In the future I plan to pursue a degree in Law at the First Nations University of Canada. The physical activities I enjoy are competitive swimming, long distance running, and hiking/adventuring the Northwest coast land. My greatest accomplishment was competing at the 2014-2017 North American Indigenous Games in competitive swimming where I won 6 sliver medals in total for Team BC.
In my community I talk to youth about suicide prevention, because the youth are the future generations to come. I believe it’s important to focus on school because education is the foundation upon which we build our future. Participating in Sports is learning to accomplish goals with success and knowing never to give up and having hope and turning dreams into reality. I also truly believe that Culture saves lives. We must keep our Native culture alive by being involved with ceremonies (spiritually), learning the language (mentally), dancing at powwows (physically), and most importantly, healing and well-being to live a healthy life (emotionally). Honoring the medicine wheel of balance by walking the red road which I strive to do each day. I am very honoured to represent the Daybreak Star community as the new Miss Seafair Princess and I will be a positive role model to Native youth and will travel to many powwows and events in Canada and the United States.
From her work as the Indian Child Welfare Program Manager at United Indians early in her career, through her long tenure as a social worker with the Department of Social and Health Services, Pauline American Horse has served the Native community in a number of ways.
Pauline first became involved with United Indians more than thirty years ago. Some of her earliest memories of United Indians revolve around her volunteering at the Powwow and Art Markets: “Bernie [Whitebear] would ask for help. And, because of who he was, we always said ‘Yes!’” Pauline served tirelessly and without pay as United Indians’ interim executive director in 2016 and 2017. And today, as Chair of the Board of Directors, Pauline continues to contribute to United Indians’ work supporting Native individuals and families throughout the Puget Sound region. In preparation for Native Life In The City 2019: Powered By The Wisdom Of Womxn, and because of Pauline’s professional and personal commitment to empowering Native women, we interviewed her to hear her thoughts on education, the value of mentorship, and the survival and power of Native women.
UIATF: How does the work of United Indians support women within the Native community?
PAH: United Indians has always been a strong supporter of women. Because of Bernie’s strong commitment, he would assist women in promoting their profession, often encouraging them to further their education. Education was and is important to United Indians.
We support families through the preschool and our Tribal Home Visiting program. And we have helped women through our Workforce Program, assisting them with job training.
UIATF: Currently you serve as the Chair of our Board of Directors. How important is it to have women in leadership positions within nonprofits and social services organizations like UIATF?
PAH: Very important. And I am very proud of the number of Native women in leadership positions at United Indians, from our Operations Director to our Financial Manager. I don’t know if you are aware, but women in the Native community are strong, with a tough, persuasive voice. We have been through hell and back – [think of] our missing Native women! We have survived and persevered. It is an honor to be connected to United Indians, knowing we are inclusive, efficient, and transparent with our funders, community and families.
UIATF: At this year’s Native Life in the City gala, we are honoring the important role women have played in our organization and in our communities. Can you give an example of the ways women have supported you throughout your career, and how this has shaped your life?
PAH: My mother was so important in my development. She always supported me and encouraged me to keep moving forward. My sister was and is my supporter, she always encourages me. School was not easy for me, and to cry on her shoulder made a difference. As a social work student, I volunteered with the Indian Women’s Service League. These women – Pearl Warren, Ella Aquino and Dorothy Lombard, among others – developed the Seattle Indian Center. Without these women, we would not have the Seattle Indian Health Board, the Seattle Indian Center, or United Indians of All Tribes. It was because of their voice of what our community needed that these organizations were formed.
My first mentor was my practicum instructor, Andrea Ebona-Michael at the Seattle Indian Center. She did a presentation regarding birth control to Natives at the Thunderbird Treatment Center. When she was done, she just stated, “This is your job from now on!” It was also during this time that there was a Women’s March and she indicated I could make a speech regarding the sterilization of Indian women. It was difficult for me to stand in front of a group and talk about birth control and the sterilization of Indian women. But it helped me grow as a social worker, enhanced my knowledge of our history, and developed my speaking skills. When I became a more seasoned social worker, I admired Ramona Bennett – a force to be reckoned with. And Cecile Hansen, a strong voice for her tribe [the Duwamish Tribe], is incredible.
Even though I mention these women, I have many [more] who supported me, many of my peers, several of my female supervisors. Those women that made a difference in the world.
UIATF: How important do you feel it is to honor the women in our community, and the women who have contributed so much to United Indians in particular?
PAH: It is incredibly important. We have suffered and survived. Our accomplishments are overwhelming. We have Claudia Kauffman, a former Democratic Senator and Vice-Chair of United Indians Board of Directors; Debora Juarez, City Council, former United Indians Board of Directors [member] and strong supporter of United Indians; Ramona Bennett, Cecile Hansen, and so many more. I love these women. And I think everyone needs to know we have come from nothing, to seats in the House and Senate.
On March 8, we celebrate the 49th anniversary of the 1970 Takeover of Fort Lawton. This dramatic protest brought together urban Natives and allies responding to a international call to join in community and work towards justice. The Takeover led to the founding of United Indians of All Tribes Foundation, and the creation of a home for urban Natives at Daybreak Star Indian Cultural Center.
Bernie Whitebear: Founder, Activist, Visionary
Bernie Whitebear (Colville) was inspired to organize the takeover of Fort Lawton in Seattle by his participation in the 1969-70 occupation of Alcatraz. The Fort Lawton Takeover in the spring of 1970 was launched by the declaration by Bob Saticum that “We, the Native Americans, reclaim the land known as Fort Lawton in the name of all American Indians by the right of discovery.” The occupation lasted for many weeks, as hundreds of Natives and allies assembled and faced violent responses from military police multiple times. For more details on the Takeover, see Lawney Reyes’ biography of Bernie Whitebear, as well as the University of Washington’s Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project and HistoryLink.
Bernie Whitebear and other activists formed the United Indians of All Tribes Foundation to represent Native interests in the negotiations over the future of Fort Lawton. In November of 1971, an agreement was reached to indefinitely lease to United Indians the 20 acres where Daybreak Star now sits. The founders of United Indians then began the process of building up the organization into the social service provider, community center, and cultural fixture that it has become today.
Bernie’s goal was to create an organization which would be responsive to urban Natives from across all tribes, bringing together the ideals of the American Indian Movement with the centralization of the desperately-needed social services which Bernie saw as necessary to the well-being of the urban Indian population.
“It’s hard with so many different tribes here,” observes Pam Nason, a Kia Elder who has been with United Indians for nearly 30 years. “We’re 500 tribes strong here in Seattle, and that’s not counting the ones who aren’t in existence anymore because of the federal government.” Pam remembers that Bernie recognized the centrality of education and art in bringing together the eclectic urban Native community, and sustaining its well-being.
United Indians Today
United Indians’ services have evolved over the past 49 years as our community’s needs evolve. With new programs we’re developing, such as Fatherhood Support and Developmental Screening and Referral, we continue to listen to our community members and support them in responding to the problems they face.
In addition to providing services, United Indians also preserves and educates people about the history of Native American activism and culture which has imbued United Indians since its founding through events such as our Takeover commemoration. As Pam notes, “We celebrate the Takeover and the people that made it happen to acknowledge it and pass on that knowledge. [We] have folks here at United Indians who were at the Takeover; it is important to hear their stories and learn directly from them.”
This year, on the anniversary of the Takeover of Fort Lawton, we remember the stories of our Elders, folks who fought beside Bernie Whitebear for the creation of Daybreak Star Indian Cultural Center, a space where the mission of United Indians could be fulfilled: to be a social service provider, community center, and cultural home for urban Indians.
News Coverage and Documents from the Takeover of Fort Lawton, March 8, 1970.